For example, the site cannot determine your email name unless you choose to type it.Allowing a website to create a cookie does not give that or any other site access to the rest of your computer, and only the site that created the cookie can read it.Ducos de Lahitte (Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire, Toulouse, France).A 590-bp fragment of the HVII of the mt DNA D-loop was amplified by using the pair of primers: Saru-4F (5′-ATCACGGGTCTATCACCCTA-3′) and Saru-5R (5′-GGCCAGGACCAAGCCTATTT-3′).Finally, a Bayesian analysis was performed using the software Mr Bayes (Ronquist and Huelsenbeck 2003), where 2 Markov Chains were run on 10 × 10 generations with a sampling each 100 generations.Such a run length allowed the standard deviation of allelic frequencies to pass below 0.01 and the potential scale reduction factor to reach a value of 1, as suggested by the authors. If your browser does not accept cookies, you cannot view this site.
Primate mt DNA is known to be often inserted into nuclear DNA—“numts”—(Bensasson et al. Numts were shown to hinder the evolutionary history inference of primate species (Thalmann et al. Thus, we carefully considered the putative amplification and sequencing of numts, although caution was done when choosing the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primers (see Materials and Methods).
Moreover, the analysis of paleoclimate in South Asia has led some authors to propose various hypotheses concerning the geographical dispersal of macaques in Southeast Asia (Fooden 1995; Delson 1980; Eudey 1980; Abegg and Thierry 2002). The genetic distance between the haplotypes of these 2 groups suggests a deep split between the continental and the insular groups.
2007; Tosi and Coke 2007), and Y chromosome DNA (Tosi et al. The phylogenetic relationships among the populations of have been discussed, and discrepancies in population divergence times between mt DNA and nuclear markers have been found. (1988), through restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) data on populations using 5 restriction enzymes applied to 149 individuals, described 2 population groups: “insular” (Philippines and Indonesia) and “continental” (Malaysia and Indochina).
This software tests 56 different substitution models and estimates the most likely one using a likelihood ratio test.
ML inference was performed using the PHYML software (Guindon and Gascuel 2003), and 10 000 bootstraps were performed on the ML tree.