In the 17th century, rapier fencing of the Italian school became fashionable due to treatises by such as Salvator Fabris, and the German tradition becoming regarded as old-fashioned and unrefined among the nobility during the Baroque.
Longsword fencing was gradually discontinued at noble fencing schools, including most universities, at the time.
A later manuscript, dated 1564 and attributed to Lienhart Sollinger, cites Pauernfeindt and is largely identical in content.
In the mid 16th century, the first attempts, notably by Paulus Hector Mair, at preserving and reconstructing the teachings of the past century appeared.
The foundation of the Federfechter in 1570 at Vienna falls into this late period.
The last of public displays of longsword fencing was on the 5th of November 1741, the author clearly mentions the use of "Schlachtenschwerter" ("battle swords").The rapier had an advantage in that it could be worn well with the clothing of that time period when longswords were typically seen as too large to be worn fashionably.Thirty Years' War also led to a massive decline of both fencing schools and practitioners in the Holy Roman Empire.The mid-15th century saw the peak and decline of the "Society of Liechtenauer" under Peter von Danzig, Sigmund Ringeck, and Paulus Kal.Kal's contemporary, Hans Talhoffer, may have been involved with the founding of the Brotherhood of St.During the period in which it was taught, it was known as the Though the German school of fencing focuses primarily on the use of the two-handed longsword, it also describes the use of many other weapons, including polearms, daggers, messers (with or without a buckler), and the staff, as well as describing mounted combat and unarmed grappling.