Luke wanted to show that the place of the Gentile Christian in God's kingdom is based on the teaching of Jesus.
He wanted to commend the preaching of the gospel to the whole world.
Luke's characteristic themes include: (1) universality, recognition of Gentiles as well as Jews in God's plan (see, e.g., -32 and notes on ; 3:6); (2) emphasis on prayer, especially Jesus' praying before important occasions (see note on ); (3) joy at the announcement of the gospel or "good news" (see note on ); (4) special concern for the role of women (see, e.g., 8:1-3 and notes); (5) special interest in the poor (some of the rich were included among Jesus' followers, but he seemed closest to the poor; see note on ); (6) concern for sinners (Jesus was a friend to those deep in sin); (7) stress on the family circle (Jesus' activity included men, women and children, with the setting frequently in the home); (8) repeated use of the Messianic title "Son of Man" (used 25 times; see ; Da and notes); (9) emphasis on the Holy Spirit (see note on 4:1); (10) inclusion of more parables than any other Gospel; (11) emphasis on praising God (see ; and notes).
Although Luke acknowledges that many others had written of Jesus' life (1:1), he does not indicate that he relied solely on these reports for his own writing.
The use of "most excellent" with the name further indicates an individual, and supports the idea that he was a Roman official or at least of high position and wealth.
He was possibly Luke's patron, responsible for seeing that the writings were copied and distributed.
The two most commonly suggested periods for dating the Gospel of Luke are: (1) a.d.
59-63, and (2) the 70s or the 80s (see essay and chart, p. The place of writing was probably Rome, though Achaia, Ephesus and Caesarea have also been suggested.
The third Gospel presents the works and teachings of Jesus that are especially important for understanding the way of salvation.His authorship is supported by the uniform testimony of early Christian writings (e.g., the Muratorian Canon, a.d. Antioch (of Syria) and Philippi are among the places suggested as his hometown.The Gospel is specifically directed to Theophilus (1:3), whose name means "one who loves God" and almost certainly refers to a particular person rather than to lovers of God in general.Such a dedication to the publisher was common at that time. The message of this Gospel was intended for his own instruction (1:4) as well as the instruction of those among whom the book would be circulated.The fact that the Gospel was initially directed to Theophilus does not narrow or limit its purpose.It was written to strengthen the faith of all believers and to answer the attacks of unbelievers.