In the crust of Earth, elemental carbon is a minor component.
However, carbon compounds (i.e., carbonates of magnesium and calcium) form common minerals (e.g., magnesite, dolomite, marble, or limestone).
The name originates from the Latin word 'carbo' meaning "charcoal".
The French chemist, Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier wrote a book outlining a method for naming chemical substances.
French physicist Ren Antoine Ferchault Reaumur (1683-1757) investigated the differences between iron and steel, correctly showing that the amount of carbon is greatest in cast iron, less in steel, and least in wrought iron.
His book on this subject and his belief that carbon might be an element was published in 1722.
An invaluable source of facts and information as a Chemistry reference guide.
The Standardised Periodic Table in use today was agreed by the International Union of Pure Applied Chemistry, IUPAC, in 1985 and now recognises more periods and elements than Dimitri Mendeleev knew in his day in his day but still all fitting into his concept of the "Periodic Table" in which Carbon is just one element that can be found.
Diamonds are one of the hardest (substances known to man.In the free state carbon occurs in three allotropic forms, two of which are crystalline and one amorphous.Fossil fuels - methane gas Diamonds Crude oil (petroleum)Radiocarbon dating.Natural gas and petroleum are largely compounds of carbon with Hydrogen.The carbonates, especially Calcium carbonate, constitute great strata of rocks, and are found in almost every locality.Carbon is found in nature in the uncombined state in several forms.