It allows an understanding of their history, culture, identity and movements.
In the same way that the spatial criteria vary according to the various points of view of the different researchers, there are also a variety of dates that are of interest.
Biblical archaeology involves the recovery and scientific investigation of the material remains of past cultures that can illuminate the periods and descriptions in the Bible, be they from the Old Testament (Tanakh) or from the New Testament, as well as the history and cosmogony of the Judeo-Christian religions.
The principal location of interest is what is known in the relevant religions as the Holy Land, which from a western perspective is also called the Middle East.
It contains remains of The Walls of Jericho, which were destroyed either by an earthquake or a siege.
Opinions are divided as to whether this destruction corresponds to that described in the Bible.
Albright and also known as biblical archaeology, see Biblical archaeology school.